COGNITIVE STIMULATION THERAPY ON ELDERLY WITH DEMENTIA IN PANTI WERDHA PANDAAN, PASURUAN

Elok Triestuning • Berliany Venny Sipollo

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Abstract

Background: Everyone will experience an aging process that lead to the vary emotionals feeling and conditions. Periods from birth to death including to sequences of unpredictable life events that relate to physical maturation and carrying out age-related roles in which need preparation to bear the new role and the new situation (Little William, 2014). Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of cognitive stimulation therapy on Elderly with Dementia in Panti Werdha Pandaan, Pasuruan. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used in this study. There were two groups, experimental and control group. The experimental group received Cognitive Stimulation Therapy within 2 weeks. Before and after the intervention, both group measured their cognitive functions by using the Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE). Researcher assissted by four volunteers to do the pre and post test. Data entry and statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 18. The significant level of statistical tests was set at 0.05. descriptive and t-test statistics were used. Kolmogorov-Smirnov was used to test for normal distribution. Paired t-tests assessed the differences in cognitive ability mean scores at pre-test and post-test within the experimental and control groups. Independent t-test assessed the difference in cognitive ability mean scores from pre-test to post-test between experimental and control groups. Results: The results showed that the experimental group post test scores are much higher than pre-test (p = 0.000). it means an increase in cognitive function after being given CST. In control group there are differences in pre-test and post-test scores bit the differences is not significant (p = 0.547). Conclusion: This study focuses on the administration of CST in elderly with mild to moderate dementia. The hope is to provide CST therapy then there will be an increase in cognitive function.

Key words: Cognitive stimulation therapy, dementia, elderly.

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