Factors Influencing Eating Behaviors among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Sidoarjo Sub-district, East Java, Indonesia

Kusuma Wijaya Ridi Putra • Chanandchidadussadee Toonsiri • Suwanna Junprasert
Journal article Thai Pharmaceutical And Health Science Journal Indonesia

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(English, 10 pages)

Abstract

Objectives: To describe and examine predictive factors toward eating behaviors among type 2 diabetes patients. Methods:A simple random sampling was conducted to recruit 117 diabetes patients from Sidoarjo sub-district. Data were collected from January to February, 2015. Descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression were used for data analysis. Results:Type 2 diabetes patients’ eating behaviors, monthly income of family, self-efficacy, psychological stress, and family support were in moderate levels (means with standard deviations of 75.44  10.58, 1,746,846.15  521,828.66, 60.88  6.30, 42.59  5.77, and 55.38  13.83, respectively), while educational level and knowledge were in high level (12.43  2.45 and 12.08  2.29, respectively), and healthcare worker communication was in sufficient level (33.42  5.34). Self-efficacy (β= 0.36, P< .001), family support (β= 0.31, P< .001), monthly income of family (β = 0.24, P< 0.001), and psychological stress (β= -0.18, P< 0.01) were significant predictors ofeating behaviors and accounted for 66.5% in the variance of eating behaviors (R² = 0.665, F(4,112) = 55.63, P< 0.001). Educational level, knowledge, and healthcare worker communication were not significant predictors of eating behaviors. Conclusion:Self-efficacy, family support, family monthly income, and psychological stress predicted eating behaviors. Program aiming at increasing self-efficacy, motivating family support, decreasing psychological stress and also providing information related to food consumption behavior in everyday life to suit the income of the family should be developed. Keywords: Eating behaviors, self-efficacy, family support, psychological stress, type 2 diabetes patients.

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